Effects of exercise on the circulatory and respiratory systems

The following describes the short term effects of exercise on the circulatory and respiratory systems.

Effects of exercise on the circulatory system

 

The effects of exercise on the respiratory system

Short term effects Long term benefits
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased breathing rate
  • Increase in systolic blood pressure
  • Increase vasodilation of blood vessels in the working muscles
  • Increased volume of air in the lungs
  • Increased stroke volume
  • Increased cardiac output
  • Decreased resting and working heart rate
  • Increased aerobic capacity
  • Normalised blood pressure
  • Hypertrophy of left ventricle
  • Increased size and elasticity of arteries
  • Increased capillary network
  • Increased strength of diaphragm and intercostals
  • Increased stroke volume and cardiac output
  • Reduced levels of LDL cholesterol (harmful cholesterol)
  • Increased blood volume
  • Increased number and size of mitochondria

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