There are six main types of synovial joints and each type is labelled based on its structure and movement potential.
|Ball and socket||Shoulder and hip||Flexion, extension, horizontal flexion and extension, internal and external rotation, circumduction, adduction and abduction.|
|Hinge||Elbow and knee||Flexion and extension.|
|Pivot||Neck and forearm||Rotation.|
|Saddle||Thumb||Adduction, abduction, flexion and extension.|
|Gliding||Collarbone, wrists and ankles||Elevation and depression|
|Ellipsoid / Condyloid||Knuckles||Flexion, extension, circumduction, adduction and abduction.|