The respiratory system
The respiratory system is responsible for the intake of oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide from the body. The main components of the respiratory system are the lungs, the diaphragm and the intercostals.
The location of the lungs
The lungs are located in the thoracic cavity, behind the sternum and the ribcage.
The direction of airflow within the respiratory system
Nose and mouth→Pharynx (throat)→Larynx (voice box)→Trachea→Bronchi/bronchus→Bonchioloes→Alveoli
The diaphragm contracts and descends drawing air into the lungs..
The diaphragm relaxes and ascends and pushes air out of the lungs.
The amount of air inhaled/exhaled in one breath.
Minute ventilation (MV)
The amount of air inhaled/exhaled in 1 minute.
Breathing rate (BR)
The number of breaths taken in 1 minute.
The movement of gas from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration.
The process where oxygen is exchanged for carbon dioxide.