Synovial Joints

Synovial joints are the most freely movable joints that we have in our bodies. Although there are six different types of synovial joints they all share the same characteristics.

Hyaline / articular cartilage

Covers the ends of bones to act as a shock absorber and prevent friction.


Connects bone to bone and enhances joint stability.

Synovial membrane

Stored and secretes synovial fluid when the joint is mobilised.

Synovial Fluid

This lubricates the joint.

Joint capsule

This refers to the whole joint and keeps all the joint components in place.

Joint cavity

This is the space inside the synovial joint.


These connect muscle to bone. The pull on bones to create movement.

Now see how many of these you can remember.

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