As soon as we become active whether that is walking the dog, doing some house work or playing our favourite sport our body responds to keep as safe and ensure we perform our chosen activity as effectively as possible.
Short term effects of exercise
The following describes the short term effects of exercise on the neuromuscular system, that one would typically experience during a good session at the gym.
1. Increased blood flow to working muscles
Blood is redirected to the muscles that have a greater demand for oxygen and nutrients. For example if we are training legs then we will get an increase in blood flow to our legs. Often referred to as a muscle pump!
2. Increase in temperature
Blood also carries heat so the working muscles become warmer.
3. Increase in pliability
Muscles are a bit like blue tack! If you stretch blue tack when it is cold it just tears. However, if we warm the blue tack in our hands then we can stretch it really well. When the temperature of our muscles increases so does our ability to stretch them.
4. Increased nerve to muscle connection
When we become active our nervous system wakes up and starts connecting and recruiting muscle fibres. This leads to greater power output from our muscles.