Classification of joints

There are three types of joint in the human skeleton and they are classified according to their degree of movement.

Fibrous joints

These are immovable joints with interlocking bones, e.g the plates in the skull.

Cartilaginous joints

These joints are slightly moveable and connected by ligaments, e.g the bones of the vertebrae.

Synovial joints

These joints are freely moveable. Which basically means they have the greatest range of movement. They are also the most common type of joint found in the body, e.g hip, knee, shoulder, wrist and elbow.

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