When referring to the movements that occur at a joint, fitness professionals use the following terminology.
Abduction – away from the midline of the body
Adduction – towards the midline of the body.
Circumduction – circular or cone shaped movement available at ball and socket joints.
Depression – downward movement of the shoulder girdle.
Dorsiflexion – foot moves toward the shin.
Elevation – upward movement of the shoulder girdle.
Eversion – sole of the foot faces away from the midline.
Extension – the angle of the joint increases or the return from flexion.
Flexion – the angle of the joint decreases or the return from extension.
Horizontal extension – away from the midline of the body in the horizontal plane.
Horizontal flexion – towards the midline of the body in the horizontal plane.
Inversion – sole of the foot faces the midline.
Lateral flexion – bending to the side.
Plantar flexion – foot moves away from the shin.
Pronation – palm of the hand facing downward.
Protraction – forward movement of the shoulder girdle.
Retraction – backward movement of the shoulder girdle.
Rotation – a bone rotating on its own long axis – may be internal or external.
Supination – palm of the hand facing upward.
Check your understanding of these terms and definitions via this link HERE
Or if you like crosswords, print these off!
JOINT MOVEMENT TERMS 1 CROSSWORD JOINT-MOVEMENT-TERMS-1-CROSSWORD.pdf
JOINT MOVEMENT TERMS 2 CROSSWORDJOINT-MOVEMENT-TERMS-2-CROSSWORD_2.pdf